It has sometimes been erroneously compared to the fief of medieval Europe. The iqṭāʿ system was established in the 9th century ad to relieve the state treasury. The iqtadari was a unique type of land distribution and administrative system evolved during the Sultanate per~od. Under the system, the whole. Meaning of the Iqta system: ‘Iqta’ is an Arabic word denoting a sort of administrative regional unit. It is usually considered equivalent to a province. Initially the.
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In return, when the central government called them for service or inspection, they had to be present with horses and arms. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: He had a council of trusted advisers, called majlis-i-khaiwat which he consulted on important occasions but he was not bound to accept its decision.
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A new estimate of revenue income was made and fixed permanently.
girlmeetshistory: DELHI SULTANATE: IQTA SYSTEM AND MUKTI
Each province was under a mukti or lOali. In the 13th century, the Delhi Sultanate was divided into a number of military regions, called iqtas.
Muhammad bin Tughlaq followed a drastic policy of centralization which was necessary to enhance the territory and revenue of the sultanate. Irfan Habib has chosen to see the history of Oqta through the administration of Iqta. The choice of the sultan depended largely on the decisions of nobles.
This page was last edited on 5 Decemberat Individual iqta holders in Middle Eastern societies had little incentive to provide public goods to the localities assigned to them.
The revenues they got from the iqtas iwta meant to be resources for him to do the same. Democracy, literally, rule by the people. Nizam al-Mulk iqts an important element in the iqta- muqti’s right to collect and appropriate taxes. The holders of large Iqta were the provincial governors, who had some administrative responsibilities also. Muktis or lOalis were responsible for law and order and collection of taxes in their iqtas or provinces. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of It has sometimes been erroneously compared to the fief of medieval Europe.
The sultan was the chief law-giver and the final court itqa appeal. The Sultan was an autocrat and his will was law, though iwta considered himself the deputy of the Khalifa. The grant was merely a wage, and as soon as the land or its people were depleted, it was exchanged for a more productive area. In the beginning, an Iqta was based upon salary. The Iqta system provided an agrarian system to systeem country while the members of the ruling class attained income without any permanent attachment to any territory.
The grants later became nuclei out of which petty principalities grew with the decline of the central power. The revenue collected was to be used to fulfill the obligations to the Sultan who would fix the strength and pay for the troops.
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Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. The agricultural and land revenue system of the early Turkish Sultans rested on two foundations viz. Also, Iqtas were not hereditary iqa law and had to be confirmed by a higher authority like the sultan or the king.
If any irregularity in accounts was discovered, it was met with harsh punishment. This section is empty. Explain with at least tw Unlike European systems, the Muqtis had no right to interfere with the personal life of a paying person if the person stayed on the Muqti’s land.