Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective that focuses on the management of everyday life. Erving Goffman is credited as being one of the chief proponents. Erving Goffman (–) developed a dramaturgical theory of the self and society inspired by Mead’s basic conception of social interaction. In the selection . For Erving Goffman (–), arguably the most original For Goffman, the subject matter of dramaturgical sociology is the creation, main-.

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This is, however, debatable within Sociology. The theory was designed for total institutions and some believe that theories should not be applied where they have not been tested.

Audiences etving only what the performers disclosed and what they have observed themselves.

The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Conversation Analysis Previous post: A useful, and everyday way of understanding dramaturgy specifically front stage and back stage is to think of a waiter or waitress at a restaurant. Impression management refers to work on maintaining the desired impression. Stages or regions refer to the three distinct areas where different individuals with reving roles and information can be found.

These decisions range from how we dress each day, like, for example, casual or formal clothing, how we style our hair to even decisions like the kind of body language that we display. For that, several specialized roles are created. Every stage goffmman two sides, one is the actual stage where the real performance takes place before an audience and the backstage, where rehearsals and preparations take place.

Social Exchange, Dramaturgy and Ethnomethodology: Making eye contact and smiling as we compliment someone goffmna what we say.

We use cookies framaturgy ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. A status is like a part in a play, and a role serves as a script, supplying dialogue and action for the characters.

In this comparison, the role of the kids as the audience is also important as they are pretending to accept their parents act shows that the play was a success even if the children know their parents fight.


Goffman makes an goffmah distinction between “front stage” and “back stage” behavior. Our choices, inevitably, influence how the things we say are perceived. These items are usually identifiable by the audience as a constant representation of the performance and actor.

This is a competition of power, a prime example of dramaturgy. Appearance refers to the items of the personal front that are a reflection of the actor’s social status. It helps establish rramaturgy scene.

Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective commonly used in microsociological accounts of social interaction in everyday life. Even human beings can be used as props to put on a performance.

Peter Lang Publishing Inc. These two concepts are necessary for gofffman actor to have a successful performance.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The actor knows he or she is being watched and acts accordingly. The management of thresholds may be operated on several axes; the most goffmn is exclusion-inclusion, similar to the basic digital on-off 1 — 0 ; to be a part or not may be seen as the fundamental asset in a society; but sramaturgy far society is perceived as a rhizomatic conglomerate; rather such than a unitary, or arborescent whole; border-control, so to speak, becomes in a paradoxical fashion the central issue.

Dramaturgy (sociology) – Wikipedia

In his book The Presentation of Self in Everyday LifeGoffman defines front as “that part of the individual’s performance which regularly functions in a general and fixed fashion we define the situation for those who observe the performance.

Front, then, is the expressive equipment of a standard kind intentionally or unwittingly employed by the individual during his performance” Kenneth Burkewhom Goffman would later acknowledge as an influence, [1] had earlier presented his notions of dramatism inwhich in turn derives from Shakespeare.

Borders or boundaries are important as they prevent or restrict movement of individuals between various regions. The goal of the performance is to make an audience, who are the observers of the performance, to believe in what is being enacted.

It is composed of defensive and protective techniques. Team members must share information as mistakes reflect on everyone.


Performers are most knowledgeable. In a play, props lend authenticity to the scene being enacted.

Dramaturgy (sociology)

In dramaturgical sociology it is argued that the elements of human interactions are dependent upon time, place, and audience. The goal of this presentation of self is acceptance from the audience through carefully conducted performance. Goffman’s definition of backstage from his book The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life states that the back stage is where “the performer can relax; he can drop his front, forgo speaking in his lines, and step out of character” Outside, or off-stage, is the place where individuals are not involved in the performance although they may not be aware of it.

Dramaturgy tries to understand how order and ordering is established by a performance. There are those sociologists who consider Dramaturgy a theory or theoretical framework, while others consider it a sociological paradigm.

Last accessed on 25 February Behaviour, therefore, is mostly structured based on how one expects to be perceived by an audience. Toward a Paradigmatic Synthesis. This efving not necessarily be true and actors of different ethnicities may be included just dramatturgy make the ad seem more believable. The off-stage is where individual actors meet the audience members independently of the team performance on the front erivng. Therefore, the compliment is accepted to be genuine as opposed to being distracted and looking elsewhere while complimenting.

Manner refers to the way an actor conducts themselves. Each actor therefore makes dra,aturgy series of decisions or choices draamaturgy helps in establishing and portraying who he is and his character to the general audience.

This, essentially, is an act that is being put on for the benefit of their kids who are their audience.