A jagir (IAST: Jāgīr), also spelled as jageer, was a type of feudal land grant in South Asia at the foundation of its Jagirdar system. After the collapse of Mughal Empire, the system of jagirs was retained by Rajput and Sikh kingdoms, and later . The Mughals continued the Jagirdari system while making slight changes to the way they ruled. Under Mughals, the Jagirdars were allowed to collect taxes. Jāgīrdār system: Jagirdar system, a form of land tenancy developed in India during The early Mughal emperors (16th century) wished to abolish it, preferring to.

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In the beginning and up topersonal pay and the size of the contingent was represented by single rank of jat but fromboth the Jat and sawar ranks began to decide the position and status of the Mansabdar.

Articles containing Persian-language text Articles containing Bengali-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Use dmy dates from April However, in practice, jagirs became hereditary to the male lineal heir of the jagirdar. For the film, see Jagirdar film. The transfer system, according to him, meant that jagirdars took no interest in improving methods of cultivation, means of irrigation, and quality of crops or improving the conditions of Mughal peasantry.

A jagir was technically a feudal life estateas the grant reverted to the state upon the jagirdar’s death. The Mansabdar appears to be a central Asian institution.

Role of Mansabdari and Jagirdari System During Mughal Empire

In case the recorded Jama was in mugahls of salary claim the assignee was required to deposit the balance with the central treasury. They also maintained armed forces and forts depending on their status.

The jagirdar was allowed to collect only authorised revenue mal wajib in accordance with the Imperial regulations. Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of It is also believed that Akbar followed the principles of Changiz Khan in fixing up the grades of Mansabdars. The Mansabdars were appointed to all civil and military posts except that of judiciary, and the positions like wazir, bakshi, faujdar and Subedar were held by the Mansabdars.


Salary entitlements of mansabdars were calculated on the basis of their Zat and Sawar ranks. Responsibility of assigning jagir was that of Diwan – i — Tan minister of salaries.

Again in the yearthe Mansabdars were divided into three classes, first, second and the third. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Help Center Find new research papers in: The diwan of the suba was supposed to prevent the oppression on the peasants by the jagirdars. Views Read Edit View history.

Skip to content Mughal Jagirdari System The system of assignment of revenue of a particular territory to the nobles for their services to the state continued under the Mughals also.

The revenue of Khalisa territory was collected and deposited in the imperial treasury. Watan Jagirs were hereditary and non transferable.

Mughal Jagirdari System

Under the Mughals, the areas assigned were generally called Jagir and its holders Jagirdars. However, the basic framework was developed during Sjstem reign.

The foundation of jagirdari system was laid by Akbar; although in rudimentary form it jzgirdari evolved by Sher Shah Suri. Of the four types of jagirs given to assignees, the watan jagir was a very effective way of absorbing Indian chieftains in the Mughal ruling class. Waltraud Ernst; Biswamoy Pati, eds.

The jagirdar did not act alone, but appointed administrative layers for revenue collection. Abul Fazl states that Akbar provided 66 grades of Mansabdars ranging from commanders of 10 horsemen to 10, horsemen kughals he gives a list of 33 grades of Mansabdars. This site uses cookies. Later on grants made for religious and charitable purposes and even to non-Rajputs were called jagordari, and both in its popular sense and legislative practice, the word jagir came to be used as connoting all grants which conferred on the grantees rights in respect of land revenue, and that is the sense in which the word jagir should be construed in Article A.


The Zamindars were the local elite or rural aristocracy who exercised authority in their areas. One of the most popular systems of revenue assignments prevalent under the Delhi Sultanate was the Iqtadari system and the holder of iqta was called iqtadar.

jagirdar system | History & Facts |

Please try again later. They remained hereditary and non-transferable. You can make it easier for jagurdari to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. The increase of number of Mansabdars during the reign of Aurangzeb led to the Jagirdari and agrarian crisis which led to the collapse of the Mansabdari system.

Under Shahjahan, new regulations prescribing the size of the contingent under various sawar ranks were introduced. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.

These jagirs were transferable every three or four years 2. Depending on the rank the Jagirdar was assigned the collection of revenue in lieu of salary in cash. We also notice an evolution in the beginning and the growth of this institution. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.